China invests in river-head environment
China has invested some 17.6 billion yuan(2.8 billion U.S. dollars) in improving the Sanjiangyuan area, the source of Chinas major rivers. Sanjiangyuan in northwest Chinas Qinghai Province, literally means the source of three rivers, is home to the headwaters of the Yangtze, Yellow, and Lancang (Mekong) rivers. An ecological protection program began in the area in 2005 with 7.6 billion yuan invested during the first phase. The second phase started at the beginning of 2014 and nearly 10 billion yuan has been spent since then. During the past four years, the area has seen improving grassland and better water conservation due to a reduction of invasive animals and plants. Vegetation coverage of desertified land has grown from 33.4 percent to 39.4 percent and wetland coverage has grown by 4.7 percent. Wildlife, such as snow leopard, jackal and Chinese grouse, is doing well. Green animal husbandry, ecological tourism and the policy of eco-compensation have improved the lives of local people with per capita income up 35 percent from 2013. Sanjiangyuan has suffered environmental deterioration since the end of last century due to climate change and human activity. The Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve was established in 2000 and the Sanjiangyuan national park will open in 2020.